The Prince Edward Point Bird Observatory (PEPtBO) is located in the southeast corner of Prince Edward County. The Observatory is situated on land belonging to the federal government, in the Prince Edward Point National Wildlife Area managed by the Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS).
The Kingston Field Naturalists (KFN) first recognized Long Point as an important staging area for migratory birds in the 1960s. After some years of both casual and systematic visual studies, the KFN initiated a banding program from 1975 to 1983. During this period 64,470 birds of 160 species were banded. Later, Drs. Fred Cooke and Charles Francis, of Queen’s University at Kingston, conducted banding operations there focusing on migratory passerines.